It is often said of Ljubljana, both by its residents and those visiting it, that it is a city made to the measure of man. On the one hand, it ranks among mid-sized European cities and offers all the comforts of big capitals, while on the other, it has preserved a smalltown friendliness and a uniqueness of its own. During winter, it is its dreamy central European character that prevails, andduring summer, its relaxed Mediterranean feel. The city’s character is marked by two widely differing and yet complementary features: Ljubljana is famed for its historical heritage and tradition while being a relatively young city with a modern lifestyle. Scientists and academics find it attractive for the international reputation of its university, world renowned artists for its vibrant and creativespirit, businessmen for hosting numerous business events and trade fairs, and all kinds of experts for being a delightful convention city.
Ljubljana, Slovenia’s capital, is considered to be a yet undiscovered gem of Europe. It is often compared with Prague due to its beautiful architectural appearance, which is the result of the legacy of different periods in history. Buildings are beautiful with different colors and ornaments.
There are fountains and statues around almost any corner you turn. There are shops, cafes and restaurants for you to stick your head into and decide if it’s somewhere you want to go in. The Ljubljanica River runs right through the middle. The whole area is a pedestrian zone, so you can walk around without fear of getting run over by a car. Walking along the Ljubljanica River with restaurants, shops and a lively outdoor market is a pleasant way to spend a few hours. There are squares where people gather and musicians play. Plus, there’s a castle that overlooks the entire Old Town that you can see from anywhere you go.
- Capital of the Republic of Slovenia, a European Union member state since 2004
- Area: 275 sq km (170.8 sq mi)
- Population: 280,000
- Official language: Slovenian; people in Slovenia are generally well versed in English, those living
near the Austrian and Italian borders also in German and Italian
- Climate: continental, with January temperatures averaging –1.5 and July temperatures 21.7
- Height above sea level: 298m (623ft)
- Symbol: Ljubljana Dragon
- Currency: Euro (since 2007)
- Time zone: GMT + 1 hour
- Population density: 1,014 people per sq km
- GPS coordinates: 14.5057 (E), 46.0518 (N)
- Student population: approx. 60,000
- Safety: Ljubljana tops the list of the world’s most honest cities
Ljubljana is said to be founded by the Greekmythological hero Jason, who had stolen the golden fleece from King Aetes and fled from him, along with his fellow Argonauts on the ship Argo, across the Black Sea and up therivers Danube, Sava and Ljubljanica all the way to the source of the latter. There theArgonauts disassembled their ship to be able to carry it to the Adriatic Sea, put it togetheragain, and return to Greece. On their way to the sea, they made a stop at LjubljanaMarshes, the dwelling place of a monster, which Jason fought and killed. The monster, now referred to as the Ljubljana Dragon, found its place atop the castle tower depicted on the Ljubljana coat of arms.
National and University Library
A detail of entrance
There are few cities on which a single artist has leftsuch a strong personal imprint as that which the architect and urban planner JožePlečnik (1872–1957) left on jubljana, his birthplace. JožePlečnikis considered to be one of the world’s most important pioneers of contemporary architecture. His oeuvre left a distinct mark on three central European cities: Vienna, Prague and, in particular, Ljubljana. Plečnikleft home at the age of 16 to enrol at the School of Industry and Crafts in Graz and train as a furniture designer. In 1895 he enrolled at the department of architecture of the Vienna Art
Academy, from whichhe graduated in 1898 as the best student of Professor Otto Wagner’s class. In
1911, he accepted the position of lecturer at the School of Arts and Crafts in Prague. He accepted an invitation from the President of the Czechoslovak Republic to take up the position of the chief architect in charge of the renovation of Prague Castle on Hradčany. In 1921 Plečnik returned to Ljubljana, where he was offered the post of professor at the University of Ljubljana. Almost all his works in Ljubljana were created in less than twenty years. He died on 7 January 1957 at his home in Trnovo and is buried in the family grave at the Žale Cemetery.
JožePlečnik left behind some of the most important works of the European architecture of the first half of the 20th century. In creating his architectural anddesign works he developed his own distinctive style characterized by a modernist reduction and an original synthesis of historical and modern elements. His majorworks in Ljubljana include the Triple Bridge, the Central Market Colonnade, the Ljubljanica River Sluice Gate, the National and University Library, the Tivoli park’s
main promenade, the Cobblers’ Bridge, and the Žale Cemetery. Due to his unique design, embracing more than just architecture, the so called Plečnik’s Ljubljana rates among the 20th century’s most
prominent total works of art.
Ljubljana Old Town
Ljubljana is a lovely small capital and its Old Town is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Slovenia with more than one million visitors a year. It’s a mix of stunning architecture, a lovely river littered with charming bridges, plus heaps of nice restaurants, bars and cafes. The streets are pedestrianized so that makes it quieter and more relaxed.Ljubljana’s Old Town is really charming. There are many restaurants, cafés and bars along the riverbanks, where you can sit and do some people watching. There’s nothing better than sitting with a glass of wine doing nothing on a sunny day.It's sandwiched between the imposinghill-top castle and the Ljubljanica river. There are also atmospheric web of cobbled streets with pastel-coloured buildings topped with red-tiled roofs and all the architecture is an appealing pastel mix of Art Nouveau and Baroque buildings.